Primary Hyperparathyroid Disease

What is Primary hyperparathyroid Disease?

Primary hyperparathyroid disease is a disease that causes the dog's blood calcium levels have abnormal values. The disease is considered rare in dogs and in most cases sporadic, do not abound in families and can also only representrere spontaneous changes in the parathyroid gland.
Studies in the United States back to 1980 has shown that the Keeshond is overrepresented on lists in the USA and in England.

The four biskjoldbruskkjertlene (or parathyroid) is located on the neck, the back of the normal thyroid gland and are responsible to secrete a hormone that regulates calcium levels in the body.
PTH is functionally related to the thyroid gland, either juxtaposed with it.

A condition known as Primary hyperparathyroidism occurs when small svultster formed on one or both glands. This causes them to become overactive and secrete too much parathyroid hormone (PTH, ready hormone) into the bloodstream.
The result of this is that calcium levels in the blood rises.

Untreated, this disease lead to calcium being pulled out of the legs and in extreme cases it can also lead to spontaneous fractures. Calcium is also brought into the kidneys. The non-functioning biskjoldbruskkjertlene are under pressure in an attempt to normalize calcium levels.
If the destruction of the kidneys and other vital orgnaner not detected, this will lead to death.

The main problem with this disease is that they showed symptoms can also be explained by some signs of aging. Dissse include polydispsia (increasing water consumption and polyuria (increased urination), an increasing stiffness of Gait, lethargy, lack of appetite, exercise intolerance. Vomiting, weakness, eventually the dog will die from it that looks like old age, except that it was not
is so old. This disease occurs from 7 years of age, with an average of 10 years and dogs can die as young as 8-9 years, usually because of kidney failure.

When owners are aware of the risks of their older Keeshond, the research done by an annual calcium blood test for dogs over 6 years.
If a dog has an elevated blood calcium level (normal value: 1.98 to 3.00 mmol / l), a further test of parathyroid diagnosis of PHPT.
This test is available only in specialist laboratories.

Operation is relatively simple but the procedure must be done by a specialist, since the glands are small and easy to overlook. The critical period here after surgery, when the dog must be nurtured carefully for 5-7 days, since there is usually a sharp decline in calcium levels at this stage. When the parathyroid gland is removed, the other helped back into activity, and supplement with vitamin D and calcium are used to help the dog to the other glands to normal and begin normal hormone production ready.
Vitamin D helps the body absorb calcium excess calcium from the stomach and make sure the diet is adequate.

The prognosis is excellent, as long as renal failure has not occurred, but without treatment, dogs with PHPT die of complications caused by the growing body of calcium.

How to get your dog tested?

The test is now available via Dr.Richard Goldstein, and his website: http://www.vet.cornell.edu/labs/goldstein/inneholder detailed information about both the disease and also how the testing of PHPT occurs.

Page also contains a series of articles written by Cathy Bosnic, a complete explanation of the research, a "question and answer" section and all papers and forms you need to send blood samples for analysis.
Blood samples can be sent from other countries than the United States and regulations of importing blood to the United States is also explained there.

The testing of the Keeshond PHPT is an investment in the future. Many American and Canadian breeders have posted the results of their dogs tested in different racial and disco intent forum. If both father and mother to a litter of puppies are negative for the PHPT gene, then everyone their offspring to be negative for the PHPT gene by inheritance, since the offspring can not inherit anything that is not there. With this we see that we need not test any of the puppies in a litter where the mother and father are free of PHPT gene.
In the future, the need to test the dogs will be limited, since the status of breeding stock is known and recorded.

Blood samples from other countries must follow the "guidelines revised on July 6, 2006 by the USDA" vet must include a statement that allows blood samples foothold in the United States without delay.

Retrieved from Keeshondklubben`s pages.

HD og AD

Brief information about the
Hip Dysplasia (HD) in dogs
Astrid Indrebø, Veterinary Head of the Norwegian Kennel Club
What is HD?
Hip Dysplasia (HD) is a development failure of the hip joints that may pertain to one or both hip joints. The defect consists in the hip socket and lårhodet not fit the other. It is formed sekundærfor-fied: climate change around the joint in the form of calcification. It may also cause abnormal wear and tear inside the hofteled-it, which may lead to abnormal pressure loads on parts of the joint. Parts of the joint cartilage can wear away and replaced by bone tissue in the body attempts to repair the damage that has occurred.
There are various degrees of this defect - and hip joints are graded according to the following scale: free, small, medium or high levels of HD.
Reading - registration of the result
The reading on the basis of X-rays. Radiographs, registration certificate and a form signed by the owner and veterinarian sent the Norwegian Kennel Club (NKK), and the result for the individual dog is registered here. NKK sends the result to the respective breed clubs, where they are used in breeding programs for the individual race. To read the images and record the results, it is essential that the dog is Norwegian owned and registered in NKK, that it is over a certain minimum age (12 or 18 months depending on race), the identification mark and the images are taken in the prescribed manner.
The dog's identity, including ID number, must appear in the radiographs and to be applied before the images are called.
X-ray examination of the hips in dogs in Norway has been ongoing since the early 70's. From 1987, the requirement of known high-status parents for registration in the Kennel Club of offspring for some breeds.
Now, some 70 breeds such a claim.
What causes a dog to get HD?
The development of HD in a dog due to a combination of heredity and environment. Heritability expresses the proportion of total variation in a trait caused by hereditary factors. Various studies show that heritability of HD is 20-60%. This implies that other factors are of great importance for the development of the defect.
It is believed, however, that a dog will not develop HD in the absence of a hereditary disposition, but a dog does not develop HD despite the fact that it can be hereditary dispo-nated.
What is the significance of HD for the dog?
HD develops as the dog grows. A dog that has developed HD, may have problems of varying degree, but not always. Whether it will have clinical symptoms, is primarily dependent on the degrees of the HD, but also significantly by the dog's structure and function, ie, whether she is healthy-built and can move correctly and efficiently.
Dogs with a poor and unhealthy construc-tion, will often have bigger problems if it has HD compared with a well constructed dog that can move healthy and effective.
A dog with a weak degree of HD will not usually show any symptoms at all, and will be able to live a normal life. If the dog has moderate hip dysplasia, there is greater risk that it can be devel-le symptoms. The timing of when these symptoms occur, can vary widely. Some dogs with moderate hip dysplasia may start showing a tendency to stiffness in the hip joints at 4-5 years of age without that it looks as if the condition is particularly painful for the dog. If the dog is kept in good confectioner tion while the dog adjusts performance to what it wishes to achieve, such a dog usually achieve the same high mortality as a HD-free dogs, and life will not be painful. Excessive exercise, like long walks in deep snow, use as a sledge dog in heavy work, etc., is not recommended. Regular exercise is important.
There are also dogs with hip dysplasia medium that has obvious clinical symptoms of the defect.
If the dog has a high degree of HD, the risk is greater for it to run into problems with your hips.
For some dogs this is directly disabling, and in some cases, euthanasia is the best way out.
But one should be aware that many dogs are doing great even though they have severe hip dysplasia, and can function normally and be very active well into old age without showing signs of pain.
It is not necessarily correlation between the diagnosis made using an automated process-genbilde and how the dog's clinical condition is!
It is important not to begin to treat their dog as if it would be invalid simply on the basis of radiographs.
How should I train a dog with HD?
A dog must be trained with HD sound. It is important that it gets built up muscles, and tendons, joints and ligaments are not overloaded. Regular exercise is important for any dog ​​from its puppy. Three-tion amount is increased gradually as the dog grows and improves endurance. It is first diagnosed HD, it is important that the dog not be too much still. It must be trained through the daily and regular mo-tion. Exercise should preferably take place in a relatively soft material such as. in the forest - not on asphalt. The length of the trips is increased gradually. It's not good for the dog that it is more or less the whole week - and then get a long and tiring walk every Sunday. Regular exercise - even in some rough terrain - is the best.
And the dog must be in normal condition - never heavy and fat as this will increase the load on the bones significantly.
Can HD treated?
HD can to some extent dealt with the pain therapy or for surgical operations.
Pain Therapy
Through the pain therapy, a dog with clinical symptoms of HD have a better life.
When the pain is gone, it can easily be trained so that it can build up muscle and work far better.
There are various medications used in pain therapy.
Discuss this with your vet.
Acupuncture has been shown to be effective for some dogs with HD. At the Norwegian School of Veterinary Science under way now to a study of the effect of an alternative pain treatment: implantation of small gold pieces at special points in the muscles around the hips.
It will be informed of the results of She-desport.
Surgical operations
It is tried various operations during HD. The most drastic is to replace the hip joint with an artificial material. This is a complicated and expensive operation that is performed on some large-dyrekli nods. The results seem to be good.
Discuss it with your vet who may want to refer you to a veterinary clinic that performs such operations.
A less drastic surgery is to make a muscle operation that allows lårhodet the correct location of the hip bowl. This will reduce the pain in the joint so much that the dog is haltfri, also in the long term. The assumption is that the hip and lårhode is almost normal with respect to depth and shape and there is little or no calcification, but lårhodet far out into the hip socket.
The major changes in the hip joint, it is unlikely that you will benefit from such an operation.
Summary
HD is not only hereditary factors - the kind of environment is of great importance for the development of the disease.
A dog does not need to have problems if it has HD if it is well constructed - regular exercise is important!
Do not exercise on tarmac!
If your dog has symptoms and you have any questions regarding any treatment - consult your veterinarian.

Retrieved from NKK's pages.

Vaccination

  Vaccination

When you pick up the puppy at the breeder, it shall be vet checked, meaning that you get with a health certificate issued by a veterinarian. Most breeders use the contract when they sell their puppies. This is a security for both parties so that you know what you have to deal with. The fact that farmers make their puppies about 5 weeks of age, are also all more common. Farmers receive from the Norwegian Kennel Club offered to pre-register and insure their puppies from 5 weeks of age. Puppy buyer will then offer to continue the insurance by the acquisition of the puppy.
This offer will receive a puppy purchase from the farmer.

Remember above all: to get matlisten from the breeder. Here, the number of meals per day. someday be brought up, as well as amount of food and the type of food you can give. Supplements of vitamins will also be given. Number of meals to be stepped down in time with the dog's development.
This should also be informed of the feeding list.
Pure water cup with fresh water should always be promoting. Food should never be left available for a long time. If he does not want the meal to set up, take away matkoppen after about half an hour, and other food should not be given until the next meal.
If you are not consistent the dog will be without appetite.

Until the dog is about 4 -5 months may well seem a little "round" in the body, but do not let this puppy roundness to continue to evolve.
Cut down on the amount of food if the dog appears to be "thick" (you should easily be able to feel its ribs through the skin).

Use common sense when feeding - a fat dog is not happy and properly fed dog. In the dog's lack of judgment in begging for treats - it may seem happy enough when its eyes begging resulted in "a little catch", but it will eventually not get the happy and long life of a dog should be entitled.
It is a fact that obesity shortens a dog's life.


Before vaccination
Before your dog is vaccinated should not be taken to special air spaces for dogs. This is due to infection. The puppy has been given a breast milk immunity to such distemper, an immunity that diminishes to 3 months of age. Therefore, this time for full vaccination. (See table below for an overview of the usual vaccination programs).
Before the puppy vaccinated (and the first 14 days) shall be reviewed only dogs known to be vaccinated dogs known to be healthy.

Please keep in mind with regard to dogs that have diarrhea as special types of diarrhea are infectious. Contact the veterinarian at the place of residence with respect to an early vaccination against parvovirus. This virus gives diarrhea and vomiting. A small puppy or young dog has little resistance if it were to become infected. The vet in your area know about it parvosmitte in the area, and will thus be able to advise you with regard to an early vaccination against Parvo.
The puppy should be about 8 weeks before you retrieve it at a breeder.

If you are traveling outside Norway and Sweden, the dog must be vaccinated against rabies. Note that it takes several months from this vaccination is made to a blood test can be taken - and hopefully this shows that the dog has the amount of resistance material that is required. (Contact your veterinarian regarding dvaksinering.)

 
  
Overview of the most common vaccine programs

 

 Age

 

 Parvo

 

  Sick Puppy

 

 HCC

 

  Para Influenza

 

8 Weeks

 

 X

 

 

 

 

12 Weeks

 

 X

 

 X

 

 X

 

 (X)

 

16 Weeks

 

 X

 

 

 

 (X)

 

1 Year

 

 X

 

 X

 

 X

 

 (X)

 

2 Year

 

 X

 

 

 

 (X)

 

3 Year

 

 X

 

 X

 

 X

 

 (X)

 

4 Year

 

 X

 

 

 

 (X)

  The table is hentte from the booklet "Genetics, breeding, and" 2.utg. 1999 by Astrid Indrebø.

About EPILEPSY

Learn about epilepsy in dogs ; which breeds are known to have hereditary instances of epilesy, possible causes, descripton of the different types, usual treatment plans

The condition known as epilepsy does indeed occur in dogs. In fact, the problem is broken down into two different types of Epilepsy .

1. Idiopathic Epilepsy- Idiopathic epilepsy is when there is no known cause for the condition and it is assumed it may be an inherited condition.

2. Secondary Epilepsy - This diagnosis is used when a specific cause for the seizures can be found. A veterinarian will normally run a variety of tests to rule out possible physiological or toxic causes before diagnosing the dog as having the idiopathic version.

There are several types of seizures that are seen in dogs and there are many times an owner isn't even aware of the problem. An epileptic seizure is the clinical manifestation of abnormal brain activity in the cerebral cortex.

These abnormalities can create seizures that vary from the mild "petit mal" to the generalized, full body "grand mal."

An epileptic seizure itself can be broken down into four stages.

1. The Prodome - This stage can last from minutes to hours or even days before the manifestation of the actual seizure activity. This stage is typically characterized by changes in the dog's mood or behavior.

2. The Aura - The aura stage is when owners first notice the initial signs. Some dogs will begin pacing, licking, salivating, trembling, vomiting, wandering aimlessly, hiding, whining or urinating. Other dogs may exhibit stranger activities such as excessive barking and attempts to get an owner's attention.

3. The Ictus- This stage is the actual seizure itself. It is a period of abnormal activity in which the most common symptoms are that the dog may lose consciousness, gnash their teeth or appear to be chewing gum, thrashing about with their head and legs, drooling excessively, crying, paddling their feet as if running as well as losing control of their bladders and bowels. There are stranger types of seizures though.

Some dogs will frantically run in circles, others will just chew gum, some suddenly go blank and stare into space and then there are the ones that only have partial seizures in which the twitching is localized in one area. This could in the face, one leg, in the shoulder or over the hips.

4. The Ictal - This stage occurs immediately after a seizure. Owners often report the dog acts drunk, doped, blind or deaf. Other dogs will show signs of pacing endlessly or drinking large amounts of water. Some will seem to pass out and just sleep.

Some of the physiological reasons a dog may have secondary epilepsy are:

1. Hypoglycemia or "low blood sugar."

2. Hypothyroidism - A condition in which the thyroid functions inadequately.

3. Disease - Seizures are a common symptom of diseases such as encephalitis and distemper



4. Lead poisoning - This can be seen in dogs that like to chew on items such as painted wood.

5. Brain Tumors - This is the most common cause of seizures that begin after the age of 5.

6. Hydrocephalus - The accumulation of excess cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) within the brain.

7. Eclampsia - This occurs when a lactating female's calcium levels drop to dangerous levels.

8. Toxins - Pesticides, fertilizers, poisonous plants, arsenic, strychnine and chocolate.

9. Trauma - Trauma can occur from some type of severe blow to the head such being hit by a car, bat, kicked or fall.

10. Organ failure - End stage liver or renal failure can often cause

11. Parasitic - Severe cases of intestinal worms, end stage heartworms or even anemia from fleas and ticks can cause seizures.

Idiopathic Epilepsy is also called primary or hereditary epilepsy.

It as been proven that epilepsy often runs in bloodlines and new studies are showing that certain breeds are more likely to have the disorder. Some of the breeds it occurs in more often are Belgian Tervuerens, Beagles, Dachshunds, German Shepherds, Keeshonds, Boxers, Cocker Spaniels, Golden Retrievers, Irish Setters, Labrador Retrievers, Collies, Schnauzers, Poodles, Dalmatians and St. Bernards.

In some instances the seizure will be a one-time occurrence with no further episodes or after effects. In others dogs, epilepsy will be an ongoing battle for the owner and the dog. Just because a dog is diagnosed with epilepsy doesn't mean he or she can't live a long, happy life.

There are several medications that are often used to control or stop the seizures. The most common medications are:

· Primadone (Mysoline)

· Phenobarbital*** Dogs on Phenobarbital need to have their liver enzymes tested every few months to check for possible damage***

· Potassium Bromide*** Dogs taking this drug need to be careful with salt levels in the diet and whenever the brand of food is changed.

· Dilantin

· Potassium Bromide

· Valium (Diazepam)

There will be cases where the medications seem to have no affect and the seizures not only continue to occur but actually worsen. In most instances dogs that are kept on medications can lead pretty normal lives with few restrictions or changes in routine. Occasionally they will build up a resistance to some of the drugs and will need to change over to others or receive Valium injections to stop the seizures once they occur.

As with any disease or condition, your personal veterinarian is the best source for making a diagnosis, education and offering treatment options. If you suspect your dog may have either type of epilepsy and you see seizure like activity, take note of the time, date, length and type of seizure as well as the way the dog acts after the seizure has ended. Keep a record of these things for each episode and discuss the problem as soon as possible with the veterinarian. Remember to follow up the conference with information as to any further episodes so he or she will be able to lay out a plan of action for both you and your dog for the best possible results.

Diarè, wormed,tick and so on...

Diarè, wormed,tick and so on...


  Diarrhea
If the puppy gets diarrhea, it may be a sign that it has been too strong food. Give it light fare when the stomach is disordered, and often mix the food with long grain cooked middagsris (rice seems stomach-regulating).
Common charcoal tablets or liquid charcoal (pharmaceutical goods) also helps well.

Some puppies can get diarrhea from milk, so milk should initially be mixed with water (2 parts milk and 1 part water). It also reacts to this mixed milk (or low-fat milk uoppblandet), the only water to drink.
Some dogs may react to milk when they get dandruff in the coat.

If the puppy is not in order in the stomach again (despite easily cost - middagsris - charcoal tablets) within a few days, the veterinarian contacted!

Wormed / markekur
When you purchase your puppy from the breeder, it should be free of worms.
It should have been markekur (ormkur).

A puppy or young dog can easily become infected when it is out there and sniff everything. You will probably not find its mark in the stool, but this is not a sign that it does not have worms. All puppies and young dogs should be given markekur.
Vet you will get advice on which agent to use.

Utøya in the coat
It's not often that dogs get lice, but the incident can be out even "in the best families." It is especially in spring and autumn that the lice appear, and some districts may seem more vulnerable than others. If your dog gets lice, it has been infected by another dog. (Hundelus not transmitted over the people.) The first sign is that the itch is persistent, and that the pieces in the coat.
Dogs can, of course, scratching for reasons other than vermin in the coat, of course, to examine what it is based.

If it has got lice you will find small black "dots" moving on the skin. Particularly vulnerable areas are the skull and back of the head, neck, chest and in the "armpits". Lice eggs resemble small, almost sand-like particles that are stuck onto the hairs about 1 inch from the skin. They can be very difficult to pick off.
Crush the lice eggs, you will find traces of blood in the egg.

If your dog has lice you should contact your veterinarian to get prescribed prescription lusebad. One does not take a dog with lice to the veterinarian's crowded waiting room so that others are infected. Also obvious is that you contact the owners of the dogs your dog has been in contact with.
Lice may have come from one of these dogs or your dog may have infected them after having been infected by another unknown dog.

Ticks

It is wise to check your dog special face and feet that is where the tick is generally get stuck in Keeshond. We use Frontline and it does not itch on our dogs, we tried first Expot but they scratched sick a lot of it.